Borneo death record (Japanese Prisoner of War Information Bureau) and death lists for … Prisoner of war camps in Japan housed both capture military personnel and civilians who had been in the East before the outbreak of war. During the Meiji period the Japanese government adopted western policies towards POWs, and few of the Japanese personnel who surrendered in the Russo-Japanese War were punished at the end of the … Wikimedia Commons. During the Meiji period the Japanese government adopted western policies towards POWs, and few of the Japanese personnel who surrendered in the Russo-Japanese War were punished at the end of the war. WO 361/1624/1 Borneo death record (Japanese Prisoner of War Information Bureau) and death lists for Mukden, Thailand and Malaya POW Camps. Surviving the Sword: … This article describes how German and Austro-Hungarian prisoners of war passed their time in captivity in Japan during the First World War (WWI). The record for each prisoner provides serial number, personal name, branch of service or civilian status, grade, date reported, race, state of residence, type of organization, parent unit number and type, place of capture (theater of war), source of report, status, detaining power… Japanese prisoner of war index cards can be found in WO 345. Despite this, permanent camps were mostly located far from city centers, and their residents were not readily available for work, with the exceptions of Kurume and Nagoya. There has been some degree of Allied assistance in compiling, maintaining etc. Further research. Contributed by Lancshomeguard People in … More than 140,000 Western POWs were captured by Japanese during World War Two, and these unlucky servicemen were exposed to some of the most extreme and inhumane treatment that occurred during the war. Images … You are browsing in: Archive List > British Army. 18. Japanese prisoners of war could expect brutal torture at the hands of the Chinese. Felton, Mark. More than 1 in 4 Allied POWs died during their residences in Japanese encampments during the Second World War. Japanese Internment Camps in Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia):[2]. It does not contain Allied prisoners held in Italian and Japanese POW Camps at this time. The Death Railway. War Office: Japanese Registers of Allied Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees held in Camps in Singapore, Second World War Description: This series comprises three registers which record the names of some 13,500 allied prisoners of war and civilian internees of British and other nationalities. The Japanese Army and POW Policies: White and Asian POWs by Aiko Utsumi, 2005. Report on Medical Activities in the Philippines & Japan by Col. Wibb Cooper -- very good history of events prior to & during WWII, including activities at POW camps Prisoners of War in the Philippine Islands-- Sept. 1944 Military Intelligence Division report on POW and civilian internee camps in the Philippines, with maps and photos Collection Description: The records are contained in Japanese Registers of Allied Prisoners of War (PoWs) and civilian internees held in camps in Singapore, Second World War.This series comprises three registers which record the names of over 13,000 allied Prisoners of War and civilian internees of British and other nationalities during the Second World War. Camp #11 (Fukuoka #11) (Later renamed #8), This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 23:22. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Japanese-run_internment_camps_during_World_War_II&oldid=984931373, Lists of World War II prisoner of war camps, Japanese prisoner of war and internment camps, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Anderson School, Ipoh, Perak State, Malaya, Yu Yuen Road Civilian Assembly Center (Shanghai). Japanese Prisoner Of War by Norfolk Adult Education Service. These were the debriefing reports given by prisoners released from German or Japanese captivity at the end of the Second World War. Please see the link on the top menu “POW”S Japan and Italy” for Allied prisoners held in those nations. This is an incomplete list of Japanese-run military prisoner-of-war and civilian internment and concentration camps during World War II. Theirs was a remarkable story of … Archive List > Prisoners of War. We hold: 1. some records of those held captive by German, Italian or Japanese forces 2. some questionnaires which may reveal personal information as well as details of experiences in the prisoner of war camps 3. some individual reports which may reveal details about capture or escape attempts from prisoners of war camps in central Europe 4. selected records of Merchant Navy prisoners of war 5. documents which reveal information about some prisoner of war camps 6. records of enquiries into mis… Prisoners of the Japanese: POWs of World War II in the Pacific (New York: Morrow, 1994). to Changi), or 'Died' with a date and - usually - 'Thai' [land]. Let us know. The book is a powerful addition to the canon of films and literature that dramatise the horrors of life as a POW in the Pacific War. This engine searches our database of POW’s held in Europe during WW2. Prisoners of war captured by the Japanese, in the Asian theaters of war, were imprisoned in concentration camps in Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, China and other regions occupied by the Imperial Army. Alamo Scouts liberated a family of 14 Dutch-Indos, a family of 12 French, and 40 Javanese on 5 Oct 1944. I think the tag '' should be removed from: Subscribe now for regular news, updates and priority booking for events, All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Read about our fair use policy and why we are doing this, WO - Records created or inherited by the War Office, Armed Forces, Judge Advocate General, and related bodies, Division within WO - Armed Forces Service Records, British prisoners of the Second World War and the Korean War: further research, About our Some of these camps were for prisoners of war (POW) only. Due to the mass starvation, a general lack of available medical treatment, in addition to rampant abuse, Allied POWs faced bleak prospects for survival. Director: Tun Fei Mou | Stars: Jianxin Chen, Hsu Gou, Linjie Hao, Haizhe Jin. The registers give minimal information about each prisoner, apparently compiled for the Japanese camp administration although the majority of the information is given in English. In our historic documents library: Far East Magazine. Votes: 5,815 A comprehensive English-language site in Japan with exact opening/closure resp. The collection contains: If you don't have an account please register. by Lancshomeguard. Japanese troops here seem to be making a game of executing their prisoners of war Credit: News Dog Media The set of pictures were found among Japanese … The Prisoner of War Magazine . Archive List > Prisoners of War. Please ensure the tag is appropriate for the record. Some of these camps were for prisoners of war (POW) only. A Japanese Prisoner of War Camp. During the 1920s and 1930s, the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) adopted an ethos which required soldiers to fight to the death rather than surrender. Holmes, Linda Goetz. War Office: Japanese Index Cards of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees, Second World War Description: This series comprises some 50,000 pre-printed cards of uncertain provenance. During the 1920s and 1930s, the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) adopted an ethos which required soldiers to fight to the death rather than surrender. Enter the tag you would like to associate with this record and click 'Add tag'. Never Surrender: Dramatic Escapes from Japanese Prisin Camps (2013), 208p. You are browsing in: Archive List > British Army. Kampong Makassar was one several internment camps in the island of Java near Batavia in which the Japanese interned enemy civilians, mostly Dutch, after the … Listing of all known POW Camps in Japan with links to hundreds of camp descriptions, rosters, photographs and affidavits. The registers refer to camps numbered 1-4; the identity of these had not previously been established but it is now believed that these refer to: Across each two-page spread, information in respect of each prisoner is given under the following headings: For related Japanese index cards of Second World War allied prisoners of war and internees see WO 345, War Office, Adjutant General, Directorate of Prisoners of War, 1940-1945, Have you found an error with this catalogue description? Sometimes the reference is 'Overseas', 'Rtd' which means Returned (e.g. Orderable at item level - Borneo list. Occupation (service or previous civilian). Japanese traditions viewed surrender as weak and dishonourable, and so the Japanese forces did not consider POWs worthy of their mercy. The National Archives has an online searchable database. renaming/reclassification dates of the various camps based on Japanese official sources which should be imported into the current listing: A map (front) of Imperial Japanese-run prisoner-of-war camps within the, Back of map of Imperial Japanese-run prisoner-of-war camps with a list of the camps categorized geographically and an additional detailed map of camps located on the. This is one of the most comprehensive lists of American prisoners of Japan during WWII available. Personal Memoirs of Signalman Clifford Reddish : a Prisoner held by the Japanese. Bridge On the River Kwai, Merry Christmas Mr … Their efforts produced these records, which provide military details on almost 30,000 military (and a few civilian) prisoners held by the Japanese during World War II. This policy reflected the practices of Japanese warfare in the pre-modern era. Oransbari - Civilian internment camp. Japanese troops round up Chinese and Russian prisoners of war and take them to unit 731, where they're horribly tortured and experimented on to test new biological weapons. (The greater part of the movement revealed here is noted as 'Overland' at various dates in 1943. According to Heather Jones, captivity and prisoner camps are among the most under-researched themes in WWI studies.Only in the last decade have historians begun to study captivity in more detail. American, British, Dutch, Australian, Canadian, Indian and other allied military and civilian Japanese Prisoner of war. List of concentration and internment camps, Columbia Country Club Civilian Assembly Center, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Australia, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Canada, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Italy, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in the United Kingdom, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in the United States, "World War II POWs remember efforts to strike against captors", https://www.japanseburgerkampen.nl/IndexE.htm, http://www.mansell.com/pow_resources/camplists/sendai/sendai_09_sakata/sen_09b_sakata_aussie_dutch.html, Lat/Long locations (Google Earth) of former Japanese POW camps in Japan. Some also held a mixture of POWs and civilian internees, while others held solely civilian internees. Prisoners of the Japanese found themselves in camps in Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and other Japanese-occupied countries. Record of Management of Prisoners of War, Japan Prisoner of War Bureau. Fukuoka #17 Branch Prisoner of War Camp was a Japanese Prisoner-of-war camp located at the Mitsui Kozan Miike Kogyo-Sho coal mine and Mitsui Zinc Foundry in Shinminato-machi, Omuta-shi, Fukuoka-ken, Japan, during World War II. The most poignant example of the sheer disregard for human life reaches us via Tom Simmen, a photographer who managed to document the brutality, and show that it wasn’t limited to one side. As their cargo ships were vulnerable to Allied raids, … Archive List > World > Singapore. Dispersal. June 1942–October 1943. Zedric, Lance Q. Prisoners captured by Japanese forces during this and the First Sino-Japanese Wara… TNA also holds liberated prisoner of war interrogation questionnaires in WO 344 . Help us improve catalogue descriptions by adding tags. This particular group of records features prisoners held by Japanese and Thai forces at prison and internment camps in Japan, Singapore, Java, Taiwan, Thailand (Siam) and the Dutch East Indies. Prisoners of War (Japan) - 1914-1918-Online 3/10. According to Simmen, Chinese soldiers gleefully watched the execution of a Japanese soldier, hoping … MacArthur, Brian. Cofepow.org.uk is now making images of some original documentation and prisoner release/questionnaire forms. This series comprises three registers which record the names of some 13,500 allied prisoners of war and civilian internees of British and other nationalities. To some degree, these act as a record of death as the individuals were never prisoners of war as such. The Far East Prisoner of War records are a part of the larger Prisoners of War 1715-1945 collection from The National Archives. A map showing the locations of concentration camps across Japan. privacy policy, War Office: Japanese Registers of Allied Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees held in Camps in Singapore, Second World War. Some also held a mixture of POWs and civilian internees, while others held solely civilian internees. The largest Japanese war crimes were registered in China, but the Japanese have shown no mercy in other areas as well. This is an incomplete list of Japanese-run military prisoner-of-war and civilian internment and concentration camps during World War II. If you provide contact details, we will be in touch about your request within 10 working days. The National Archive has a … Despite the recent upsurge in interest in captivity in Japan during WWI, very little research has been conducted on WWI POWs, with the exception of distinguished studies abou… This series, part of Record Group 389, has information about U.S. military officers and soldiers and U.S. civilians and some Allied civilians who were prisoners of war and internees. Silent No More: The Alamo Scouts in Their Own Words (War Room Press 2013). They appear to have been compiled by a central Japanese authority which has not been identified. The number of cards for each individual varies from one to fifteen, but in most cases there are just one or two. This policy reflected the practices of Japanese warfare in the pre-modern era. For this reason, the government ordered that a list be made of available technical engineers. You need to sign in to tag. Notebook kept by Captain Harold Lord, regular officer in the RASC, whilst a Japanese prisoner of war working on the Burma - Thailand railway in 1943, listing neatly and chronologically the names of the British prisoners of war who worked on the railway, May - December 1943, together with the following information about each: rank, serial number, regiment, date of birth, home address, next-of-kin, Read tagging guidelines. Unjust Enrichment: How Japan's Companies Built Postwar Fortunes Using American POWs (Mechanicsburg, Pennsslvania: Stackpole Books, 2001). There are other references to River Valley Road and Sime Road camps etc). Tens of thousands of British servicemen endured the brutalities of Japan's prisoner of war camps during World War Two. WO 361/1625 Borneo and Malaya; lists and copies of death records; received from Headquarters, United States Army Forces, Western Pacific. 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