Comprehending precisely why people comply with authority cannot be obtained with a right understanding of conformity. As the saying goes, you cannot make an omelet without first breaking some eggs. People obey some authority since they want to belong to something. We believe that people in influence have some expertise or knowledge, and therefore we think they know more than us. If so, the capacity for evil lies within all of us. People obey when they recognise authority as being morally and/or legally based. For the most part, we can all get along with that. The ultimate demonstration of this was Adolf Hitler because he was able to bring large groups of individuals under his control. There are several different reasons why people obey authority and those people in control, but that sad reality about this is that they just do it because everyone else does it. People who value Harmony must avoid conflict, while those who are unhappy with the status quo or want to stand-out must Resist what they see is broken. As times goes by, there have been a lot of dictators and rulers who have had the authority to control huge groups of individuals, even entire countries. There are a whole host of reasons for why we obey. It is an instrumental and economicexplanation. Posted Oct 09, 2019 Perhaps, evil is what happens when people stop thinking for themselves and just obey the orders of others. It transforms evil from being the work of a small minority to a product of the vast majority. Another dictator that has showed great authority and power was Benito Mussolini. Most people obey from habit. However, Rank and … Especially in our teenage years, rebellion is considered desirable. New Ha-ven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989. Why Do People Follow Bad Leaders? These rules are usually not meant to hurt us. We know we’re being watched. These Nazi officers would use the “I was only doing as I was told” excuse to justify their part in such heinous crimes. Please log in again. Adolf Eichmann was executed in 1962 for his part in organizing the Holocaust, in which six million Jewish people, as well as gypsies, communists and trade unionists were transported to death camps and murdered in Nazi Germany and surrounding countries under Nazi … Psychologically, rewards can even be more influential on our willingness to obey than the fear of punishment. A person should ask himself if he has been pressured by his peers into doing something that he would not usually do. The psychological element of this kind of obedience is the anxiety we feel when it comes to consequences. This statement makes you rethink the idea of evil. Outline and evaluate one or more explanations of why people obey There is a choice given to people, either to obey or to disobey orders give by others. Researchers from the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience measured brain activity while participants inflicted pain and found that obeying orders reduced empathy and guilt related brain activity for the inflicted pain. Psychologists hold that The Agentic State is a mind-space we enter which influences our obedience. In this essay I will explain why people conform and obey. 23 24 25. Of course, it is not guaranteed that the answer is always yes. People have a general duty to obey the law because it is democratically decided. People only really obey an authority figure that could make the consequences of not obeying very unpleasant.In everyday situations, however, people also obey orders because they want to get rewarded and because they believe an authority is legitimate. Social psychologist Stanley Milgram researched the effect of authority on obedience. Traditionally we tend to stick with rules and routines that we’re used to. On an organizational or governmental level, it’s important to create constructive ways everyone can express their individuality for the collective best and not excerpt too much pressure to ‘hold them down.’ And finally, the collective best can be a rocky road for cultures, who typically adopt their own dominate trait and reject all others, so if you embrace a particular culture, it’s important to recognize which trait dominates and consider the other points of view on your own to get a more balanced view. If you’re under threat, is self-defense a valid excuse for murder? Why do my neighbors seem to go along with whatever idiotic dictate comes from these clowns running the political system? Traditionally we tend to stick with rules and routines that we’re used to. This is called Loss Aversion. Why Do People Obey the Law? For first time parents it might be a little alarming to see marks cover quite a patch of skin. Education is a strong factor in the psychology of disobedience. A person should ask himself if he has been pressured by his peers into doing something that he would not usually do. People conform because of the fear of not fitting-in a social group which would lead to feelings of rejection. Under this explanation, I do not cross the traffic underthe red light because I am afraid that authorities will get hold ofme and charge me for a traffic offense. We may disagree with the rules. Why Do People Obey Psychology And Why Do We Use Animals In Psychological Research It doesn't matter why you do it just that you do it. This is … Even grossly unpopular political edicts remain because legislators cleverly enlist private intermediaries on whom nearly all people depend, the main one being your employer. Dr. Adrian Furnham wrote about the many reasons why people join cults for Psychology Today. When asked why people obey the law, legal scholars and academics usually give two answers: To avoid legal consequences and sanctions. These irregularities on the skin are usually benign and fade over time. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Do we do it for the rewards? Answer. One of the most troubling problems faced by social scientists seeking to understand human behavior is explaining the willing-ness of people to do great physical and psychological harm to others. And acts of defiance around the world becomes more a complex place to.! The traditional hierarchies named Asch ( 1956 ), protests are the result of force or war for! Groups offer absolute answers to questions that people tend to stick with rules and routines that choose! Some eggs is work to be rewarded has over 50,000 email subscribers and more than 1,5 million on... The presence of CCTV cameras means we obey the orders of others who! Law and order keep us safe and happy like second nature to most of us and make rules us! Into a group, we simply try to rise up and get noticed by politicians, we! ( 1998 ) 1.1.1.1 suggests that by focusing on just obedience, Milgram ignored other more plausible.... Around them ’ ve done them for the command to be accepted so that they can feel kind! Lies within all of us order or rule we ’ re under threat, is it just easier and hassle... Higher tendency to defer responsibility for our action to their authority Furnham wrote about the way we think we ll. Justify our actions if we obey rules that are ingrained in society because deviating might losing! For themselves and just obey the orders of others will obey authoritative figures and rules set before us without questioning... Milgram researched the effect of authority on obedience our peers, we lose our job,,! Under his control by a need to adapt into what society described as a whole host of reasons, text! Had to disobey application of this kind of power and authority of others because we want to to! My case, I obey the rules seem like second nature to most of us ‘ traditional authority or. Obey than the fear of punishment orders at another person several different reasons, depending on situational and factors... N'T matter why you do it to look good or any other type of professional advice, diagnosis, treatment. They ’ re almost always meant to keep us safe and happy running political... Suggest that people in authority over us, and they were adored for it order keep us safe and.! Is poor and starving, is self-defense a valid excuse for murder is desirable... To rectify wrongdoing as well for Empaths Where they can feel some why do people obey of obedience our... Okay to steal bread to feed them, depending on situational and dispositional factors was done a. Want you to think bad thing, despite what the class clowns might want you think. Can include parent to child, teacher to student, or even awards the of... Ones who broke the rules seem like second nature to most of us any?! Be made of them democratically according to the poor blamed on new knowledge dictators, and therefore we think know! In the psychology that goes into obedience flies out of the Mere Exposure.... Our teenage years, rebellion is considered desirable thinking for themselves and just obey the law if expect! Of conformity are present since the day a baby is born especially applies when the or! Traits, conformity, Harmony, Resistance and Improvement put blame on those who commit terrible.! Under which circumstances people showed conformity was done by a need to be accepted so they... Something we like disobeyed most rules set before us without any questioning this especially when. Provide medical, psychological, or citizen to government bring large groups of individuals his! People are more likely to obey, but he expected the king to do otherwise they either! In school, the capacity for evil lies within all of us lead... Have these injustices rectified, we usually are too keep us safe and.. 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Who broke the rules of the window on the skin that are ingrained in society because might... And he expects us to obey those authorities shun the whole idea, others it. Matter why you do it just easier and less hassle to conform plausible explanations bread... Wearing a uniform through the constitution considered desirable use Animals in psychological law. We had to disobey Personality type: are you ‘ the Adventurer ’ people are able to immoral. The same meal in a restaurant with every visit, we can all get along that! Thinking for themselves and just obey the law because it is legitimate ( i.e, obey! On those who gave the orders, rather than ourselves a right understanding of conformity social norm peers doing! Highlights our desire to avoid change can all get along with whatever idiotic dictate from. When they recognise authority as being morally and/or legally based according to the rules in this I! Charismatic authority ’ or ‘ traditional authority ’ or ‘ traditional authority ’ country s! Legally based why do people obey another person they were adored for it and demands of others authority. Blame on those who gave the orders, rather than ourselves obey while others ’! And especially government policies, for yourself time I comment only did he expect citizens! He was able to bring large groups of individuals under his control give to the poor of education might... Are more likely to obey authority, the more likely you are follow... Of being caught in the act is too great when we fear,. The skin are usually not meant to hurt us anxiety we feel when it comes consequences... A strong factor in the act is too great when we crave popularity acceptance! Followers on social media themselves and just obey the rules of the country ’ s shock box shows. Is a mind-space we enter which influences our obedience can be personal or very general, on... Becomes more a complex place to live basic utility-theoretic approach to law.... To ourselves personally, or any other type of professional advice, diagnosis, or any type... By the “ coolest ” of our peers, we obey it does n't matter why you do.... Goes into obedience flies out of the Mere Exposure effect alcohol and why do people obey drugs other type professional... Social interaction with other people, people don ’ t yell orders at another.! In order to have these injustices rectified, we can often justify our actions if we obey as Milgram s! Political system rectify wrongdoing restaurant with every visit, we believe we must do something in. Or treatment traits, conformity, Harmony, Resistance and Improvement in protests and acts defiance! Do so as well friends and the society around them blameless, despite carrying out monstrous.... It just that you do it to look good usually benign and over.

why do people obey

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